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Antifreeze Poisoning in Pets

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What are some products around my home that contain Ethylene Glycol?  

Antifreeze and other liquids containing ethylene glycol can be very dangerous for your pet and even deadly if not treated in time.  Ethylene glycol is also found in windshield washer fluids…which we use a lot in Northern Ontario during the winter! 

Why is it so dangerous?

Dogs need to ingest only about a tablespoon of ethylene glycol before it can result in severe acute kidney failure and cats can die after only a teaspoon.  Your pet needs emergency treatment from a veterinarian immediately as it can affect the kidneys quite quickly. 

Why do pets drink it? 

Antifreeze is actually quite sweet and tastes good to a pet!  Some children have also ingested antifreeze thinking it is pop.  

What are the stages of antifreeze poisoning?

According to the Pet Poison Helpline

Three stages of poisoning can be seen with ethylene glycol:

Stage 1: This occurs within 30 minutes to 12 hours, and looks similar to alcohol poisoning. Signs of incoordination, drooling, vomiting, seizures, and excessive thirst and urination may be seen.

Stage 2: This occurs within 12-24 hours post-exposure, and clinical signs seen to “resolve” when in fact more severe internal injury is still occurring.

Stage 3: In cats, this stage occurs 12-24 hours after ethylene glycol exposure. In dogs, this stage occurs 36-72 hours post-ingestion. During this stage, severe acute kidney failure is occurring. Signs of inappetance, lethargy, drooling, vomiting, seizures, and coma may be seen.

What do I do if my pet ingests ethylene glycol?

You need to call your veterinarian immediately!  He or she can give an antidote but it must be administered shortly after consumption. 

How can I prevent poisoning from happening?

Make sure to wipe up all spills after pouring antifreeze or windshield wiper fluid in your car.  Be sure to check underneath the car to see if any has leaked onto the floor or pavement.  Store all bottles in a place not accessible to pets or children, preferable behind closed doors. 

Christmas Pet Safety-Xylitol

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Xylitol is one of the hidden holiday dangers for our pets. It is a sugar substitute and can be found in sugar free gum, mints, candy, chocolate, vitamins, drink mixes, peanut butter and even toothpaste. If ingested, it can cause low blood sugar and liver damage in your pet.  Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, may occur quickly in your pet or may take several hours.  Symptoms include shaking, weakness, lethargy and decreased appetite and possibly seizures.  Liver conditions may occur up to a day or two later if untreated.  The danger of Xylitol is dose dependent so you would need to check with your veterinarian about the amount that would be dangerous for your pet, especially if you own a small breed dog.  You can contact Lockerby Animal Hospital if you have any questions about Christmas food safety for your dog or cat.  

If you suspect your pet has eaten xylitol, contact your veterinarian to determine if they need to be seen. The ASPCA Poison Control website provides more information on the topic.…/xylitol-sweetener-not-so-sweet-pets  

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The holidays are fast approaching!  We wanted to give lots of notice of Lockerby Animal Hospital holiday hours so you can plan ahead to pick up food and medications for your pet.  To pre-order food and medications, call 705-522-4555 or email [email protected]

Do You Have the Most Festive Pet? You Can Win Sudbury Five Tickets for the December 12th Game!

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Lockerby Animal Hospital is in the Christmas spirit! We’d like to give away two more pairs of tickets to the Sudbury 5 game on December 12, 2019 to the most festive pet in Sudbury!!! Post your pet’s picture all decked out in their holiday finest on our Lockerby Animal Hospital Facebook Page and by December 6th at noon and the two posts with the most likes will win one pair of Sudbury 5 tickets each. After this, you’ll have one more chance to win…stay tuned!

Win Tickets to the Sudbury Five Basketball Game December 12, 2019

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The weather outside is frightful…so grab your camera and your pet and take some pictures for a chance to win Sudbury Five basketball tickets!!! Post a picture of your pet frolicking in a winter scene on our Lockerby Animal Hospital Facebook page by noon on December 2nd and the top two posts with the most likes will win 1 pair of tickets each to the game. Stay tuned to find out how you can have a chance to win the remaining tickets!